- An antibiotic is a drug that kills or slows the growth of bacteria.
- Antibiotics are one class of antimicrobial.
- An antimicrobial is an agent that kills microorganisms or inhibits their growth.
- Antibiotics are not effective in viral, fungal and other nonbacterial infections.
- Individual antibiotics vary widely in their effectiveness on various types of bacteria.
- Two examples of antibiotic is penicillin and streptomycin.
- Penicillin was originally isolated from the Penicillium chrysogenum (formerly Penicillium notatum) mold.
- Penicillin is used to cure diseases that caused by bacteria infection such as
- Generally, penicillin is safe to be used. There are only very few peoples sensitive to penicillin and experience certain side effect after consumption.
- Streptomycin was the first antibiotic remedy for
- dry cough
- urinary infection,
- pneumonia and
- Streptomycin cannot be given orally, but must be administered by regular intramuscular injection.