Covalent Compounds – Number of Bonds

Number of Bond

  1. There are 3 types of covalent bond:
    1. Single covalent bond – sharing of one pair of electrons
    2. Double covalent bond – sharing of two pairs of electrons
    3. Triple covalent bond – sharing of three pairs of electrons


Number of electronsExample and type of covalent bond
1 pair

type of covalent bond: Single Bond

2 pair

type of covalent bond: Double Bond

3 pair

type of covalent bond: Triple Bond

Formation of Single Bond (Hydrogen Molecule)

Formation of Double Bond (Oxygen Molecule)

Formation of Triple Bond (Nitrogen Molecule)