 # Concentration of Solution

## Concentration of a Solution

1. The concentration of a solution tells you how much solute is dissolved in 1 unit volume of solution.
2. The volume of a solution is measured in dm³ (litres).  1 dm³ = 1000 cm³.
3. The amount of solute can be measured in grams or moles.
4. 2 units of concentration used in chemistry are g dm-3 and mol dm-3

### Concentration in g dm-3

1. Concentration is the number of moles of solute per liter of solution.
2. A concentration of 10 g dm-3 means there is 10 g of solute dissolved in1 dm3 of solution.

Concentration = Mass of solute(g) Volume of solution(dm 3 )

Example 1:

Calculate the concentration of the solution if 28g of NaOH is dissolve in 250cm3 of water.

Mass of solute = 28g
Volume of solvent = 250cm³ = 0.25dm³

Concentration= Mass/Volume = 28g/0.25dm3 = 112g/dm3

1. Molarity is probably the most commonly used unit of concentration. It is the number of moles of solute per liter of solution.
2. A concentration of 2 mol dm-3 means there are 2 moles of solute dissolved in 1 dm3 of solution.

Molarity = Mole of solute(mol) Volume of solution(dm 3 )

Example:

What is the molarity of a solution made when water is added to 0.2 mol of CaCl2 to make 100 cm³ of solution? [RAM: Ca = 40; Cl = 35.5]